What is self-efficacy?
Psychologist Albert Bandura defined self-efficacy as a person’s belief in his or her capability to successfully perform a specific task. Self-efficacy perceptions can be developed or strengthened through accomplishment, or through learning and persuasion from others. They can also be positively or negatively affected by emotions such as stress and anxiety.
Bandura’s theory says the three outcomes of high perceptions of self-efficacy are 1) persistence, 2) performance and 3) approach versus avoidance of tasks.